The Morning: Americans’ top concern

Why rising prices upset people.

Today, my colleague German Lopez looks at the latest inflation news and at why rising prices have such a big effect on the national mood. — David Leonhardt

Good morning. Inflation is still high — and many Americans are upset.

Grocery shopping in California.Alisha Jucevic for The New York Times

Inflation anger

Americans are unhappy about the economy. They report less confidence in it than they did at the start of the Covid pandemic, when the unemployment rate was four times as high as it is now. Their feelings toward the economy are almost as low as they were during the depths of the Great Recession in 2008.

How is this possible, given that the unemployment rate is low and the economy has rapidly grown over the past two years? The culprit is what Americans describe as one of the most important problems today: high inflation.

Inflation stands out from other problems because it is so inescapable. Unlike unemployment, it affects everyone. And people encounter it every day — when they go to the grocery store, drive by a gas station or buy almost anything.

Inflation also contributes to a sense of powerlessness. Rising prices feel like something done to people rather than a problem they brought on themselves. Short of cutting their spending, individuals cannot do much about inflation.

And after decades of stagnant wages and salaries, inflation is yet another example of Americans' livelihoods failing to keep up with the cost of living.

"People are so raw at this point, having lived through two years of Covid, that any new thing is going to make them upset and angry," said George Loewenstein, a behavioral economist at Carnegie Mellon University. "It just feels like it's one thing after another."

The problem is not getting much better. The government reported yesterday that prices rose 8.3 percent over the 12 months ending in April. High inflation has not persisted like this since four decades ago — at a time when Ronald Reagan was president, only two Star Wars movies had hit theaters and the internet did not exist.

Chart shows year-over-year percent change. | Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics

Inflation's harms

When everything costs more, people make up for it by cutting back on spending — sometimes on essentials. "A lot of people are living close to the edge," Loewenstein said. "So an uncontrollable increase in any aspect of your budget can be pretty disastrous."

Some states have enacted tax cuts and other stimulus measures to provide relief against rising prices. But those approaches can actually make inflation worse, by fueling more spending and demand.

Rising prices are a sign of an economy running too hot — too much spending resulting in too much demand for a limited supply. Policymakers can prevent this by deliberately slowing down the economy; they can raise interest rates (increasing the cost of borrowing money), hike taxes or cut budgets.

The Federal Reserve has increased interest rates. The central bank's chair, Jerome Powell, said he is aiming for a "soft landing" — essentially, avoiding going too far and causing a recession — but there is no guarantee that he will succeed. In the 1980s, the Fed tanked the economy to put down stubbornly high inflation.

Some economists worry that America is now heading down a similar path. Inflation came down in April compared with a 40-year high in March, but it is still high. And April's rate was higher than some experts expected. That could push policymakers to get more aggressive — and increase the risk of a future recession.

For more


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Across the political spectrum, people have embraced George Carlin.Illustration by Edmon de Haro; Mark Junge/Getty Images

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The "da Vinci" Stradivarius, from 1714.Andrew White for The New York Times

A rare Stradivarius

For the first time in decades, a Stradivarius from the early 1700s — considered the "golden period" of violin making — will be up for auction.

The Stradivarius, known as the da Vinci, was the instrument of choice for Toscha Seidel, who bought it for $25,000 in 1924. (The sale made the front page of The Times.) Seidel was quite famous: He had a weekly broadcast on CBS in the 1930s, and he gave lessons to Albert Einstein. He played the da Vinci on some celebrated film scores, including "The Wizard of Oz."

Seidel, who died in 1962, treasured the violin and said he wouldn't trade it "for a million dollars." When the auction ends next month, it could fetch as much as $20 million.


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Con Poulos for The New York Times. Food Stylist: Donna Hay.

Carne asada fries, French fries topped with the fillings of a steak taco, are a California-Mexican classic.

What to Listen to

The singer-songwriter Ethel Cain wants to be a different kind of pop star. She's doing it from rural Alabama.

What to Read

Joshua Cohen's novel "The Netanyahus" and other 2022 Pulitzer Prize winners and finalists.

Late Night

Jimmy Kimmel discussed the blocking of an abortion rights bill.

Now Time to Play

The pangram from yesterday's Spelling Bee was chapping. Here is today's puzzle — or you can play online.

Here's today's Wordle. Here's today's Mini Crossword, and a clue: Tourist ___ (four letters).

If you're in the mood to play more, find all our games here.

Thanks for spending part of your morning with The Times. See you tomorrow.

P.S. Jim Dao, The Times's Metro editor, is leaving to become the editorial page editor of The Boston Globe. We will miss him.

Here's today's front page. "The Daily" is about inflation. "Sway" is about CNN+. On "Popcast," why we collect.

Claire Moses, Ian Prasad Philbrick, Tom Wright-Piersanti, Ashley Wu and Sanam Yar contributed to The Morning. You can reach the team at

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